Under the Paris Agreement, each country must define, plan and regularly report on the contribution it makes to controlling global warming.  No mechanism obliges a country to set a specific emissions target before a given date, but each target should go beyond the targets set previously. The United States formally withdrew from the deal the day after the 2020 presidential election, although President-elect Joe Biden said America would join the deal after his inauguration.  11 As of December 15, 2015, 160 INDCs have been filed, reflecting 187 countries (including European Union Member States). Comparison of INDCs, Ctr. for Climate & Energy Solutions, at www.c2es.org/indc-comparison (most recent update December 21, 2015; INDCs, as reported by the parties, the UNFCCC, www4.unfccc.int/submissions/INDC/Submission%20Pages/submissions.aspx (the last visit took place on 1 March 2016). 55 See White House press release, Usa Leadership and the Historic Paris Agreement to Combat Climate Change (December 12, 2015) in www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/12/12/us-leadership-and-histor-ic-paris-agreement-combat-climate-change. 13 Cf. ID. (which says: “Which would not be binding.. is the objective itself”; Fiona Harvey, Paris Agreement on Climate Change: The World`s Greatest Diplomatic Success, The Guardian (14 December 2015), www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/dec/13/paris-climate-deal-cop-diplomacy-developing-united-nations; see also signature 71 and the accompanying text.
While the broader transparency framework is universal, as is the global inventory to be held every five years, the framework aims to provide “integrated flexibility” to distinguish between the capacities of industrialized and developing countries. . . .