Decades later, the ceasefire is still all that technically prevents North Korea and the United States – along with its ally, South Korea – from resuming the war, because no peace treaty has ever been signed. On June 25, 1950, North Korea`s surprise attack on South Korea sparked a war between communists and capitalists for control of the Korean peninsula. Fought between 1950 and 1953, the Korean War left millions dead and North and South Korea permanently divided. On 28 April 1994, North Korea announced that it would cease to participate in the Military Ceasefire Commission, but would maintain its contacts in Panmunjom through liaison officers and maintain the general conditions of the ceasefire. North Korea said it believed the U.S. use of patriotic missiles in South Korea was over.   The MAC, which includes members of both parties, still meets regularly in the village of the panmunjom truce. Within sixty (60) days of the entry into force of this Agreement, each party, without offering any obstacle, will repatriate directly and in groups all prisoners of war who consist of being sent back to the page they were at the time of their capture.  A South Korean infantry officer leads the Korean War front on August 10, 1950. The conflict erupted in early summer, when North Korea invaded South Korea. The fighting lasted three years, and no peace treaty was ever signed.
In the 1952 U.S. presidential election, Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower sharply criticized President Harry S. Truman`s behavior in the war. After his victory, Eisenhower kept his promise to “go to Korea.” His journey convinced him that something new was needed to break the diplomatic blockade in the peace talks that had begun in July 1951. Eisenhower has publicly hinted that the United States could use its nuclear arsenal to break the military deadlock in Korea. It allowed the Chinese nationalist government over Taiwan to harass airstrikes on mainland China. The president also pressured his South Korean ally to abandon some of his demands in order to speed up the peace process. War detention (POW) was an important and problematic issue in the negotiations.
 The Communists held 10,000 prisoners of war and UNC 150,000 prisoners of war.  PvA, KPA and UNC were unable to agree on a return system because many VPA and KPA soldiers refused to be repatriated to the North, which was unacceptable to the Chinese and North Koreans.  In the final ceasefire agreement, signed on 27 July 1953, a return commission of the Neutral Nations, chaired by Indian General K. S. Thimayya, was established to deal with the issue.  On July 19, 1953, delegates agreed on all items on the agenda.  July 27, 1953 at 10 a.m.m. The ceasefire was signed by Nam IL, delegate of the KPA and the VPA, and William K. Harrison Jr., UNC delegate.  Twelve hours after the signing of the document, all the rules approved by the ceasefire began.  The agreement provided for oversight by an international commission.
The Neutral Nations Monitoring Commission (NNSC) was set up to prevent reinforcements from being brought to Korea, either additional military personnel or new weapons, and inspection teams of NNSC members from Czechoslovakia, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland are deployed throughout Korea.  Both sides regularly accuse the other side of violating the agreement, but accusations have become increasingly frequent due to increased tensions over North Korea`s nuclear program. On July 27, 1953, North Korea, China and the United States signed a ceasefire agreement. However, South Korea opposed the continued division of Korea and did not accept the ceasefire or the signing of a formal peace treaty.