The presidents have also reaffirmed the power to unilaterally withdraw from agreements between Congress and the executive branch, but there is a scientific debate about the extent to which the Constitution allows the president to act in such circumstances without legislative approval. Some scholars claim that the president has the power, unilaterally withdrawing from the executive agreements of Congress, although he is not allowed to end the domestic effects of a law implementing laws.194 But others argue that Congress must approve the end of executive agreements that confer exclusive powers on Congress, such as power over international trade. , and which have obtained congressional approval after being concluded by the executive branch.195 Although this debate is still developing.195 Although this debate is still developing. 196 Agreements under the United Nations Charter. – Article 43 of the United Nations Charter provides that Article 43 of the United Nations Charter provided: “1. All members of the United Nations to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security. , undertakes to make available to the Council, at its request and in accordance with a special agreement or agreement, forces, assistance and facilities. , including transit rights, necessary to maintain international peace and security. 2. These agreements or agreements govern the number and nature of the armed forces, their degree of availability and general location, and the nature of the facilities and aids to be provided. 3. The agreement or agreements are negotiated as soon as possible at the initiative of the Security Council. They are concluded between the Security Council and its members or between the Security Council and its members` groups and are subject to ratification by the signatory states, in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures.

463 This time, the Senate did not argue over the word “agreement.” Unlike the executive contract termination procedure, which has not received much opposition from Congress in the past, constitutional requirements to end Senate-approved ratified treaties have been the subject of occasional debate between the legislature and the executive branch. Some commentators have argued that termination of contracts is comparable to the termination of federal laws.197 Since national statutes can only be terminated by the same procedure, they were adopted198 – that is, by a majority vote in both houses and by the signature of the president or a veto – these commentators claim that contracts must also be terminated by a procedure similar to their manufacture and which includes the department Dictum in Garamendi recognizes some of the issues that may be raised on Zschernig.